Press Releases

2019.01.08

Affinity Improvement of a Cancer-Targeted Antibody through Alanine-Induced Adjustment of Antigen-Antibody Interface : Professor Kouhei Tsumoto, Departments of Bioengineering, and other researchers.

To investigate favorable single amino acid substitutions that improve antigen-antibody interactions, alanine (Ala) mutagenesis scanning of the interfacial residues of a cancer-targeted antibody, B5209B, was performed based on X-ray crystallography analysis. Two substitutions were shown to significantly enhance the binding affinity for the antigen, by up to 30-fold. One substitution improved the affinity by a gain of binding enthalpy, whereas the other substitution improved the affinity by a gain of binding entropy. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that the enthalpic improvement could be attributed to the stabilization of distant salt bridges located at the periphery of the antigen-antibody interface. The entropic improvement was due to the release of water molecules that were stably trapped in the antigen-antibody interface of the wild-type antibody. Importantly, these effects of the Ala substitutions were caused by subtle adjustments of the binding interface. These results will be helpful to design high-affinity antibodies with avoiding entropy-enthalpy compensation.

Structure : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2018.11.002