A quantum-dot spin qubit with coherence limited by charge noise and fidelity higher than 99.9 %



Jun Yoneda,  Kenta Takeda, Tomohiro Otsuka, Takashi Nakajima, Matthieu R. Delbecq, Giles Allison, Takumu Honda, Tetsuo Kodera, Shunri Oda, Yusuke Hoshi, Noritaka Usami, Kohei M. Itoh & Seigo Tarucha



The isolation of qubits from noise sources, such as surrounding nuclear spins and spin–electric susceptibility, has enabled extensions of quantum coherence times in recent pivotal advances towards the concrete implementation of spin-based quantum computation. In fact, the possibility of achieving enhanced quantum coherence has been substantially doubted for nanostructures due to the characteristic high degree of background charge fluctuations. Still, a sizeable spin–electric coupling will be needed in realistic multiple-qubit systems to address single-spin and spin–spin manipulations. Here, we realize a single-electron spin qubit with an isotopically enriched phase coherence time (20 μs) and fast electrical control speed (up to 30 MHz) mediated by extrinsic spin–electric coupling. Using rapid spin rotations, we reveal that the free-evolution dephasing is caused by charge noise—rather than conventional magnetic noise—as highlighted by a 1/f spectrum extended over seven decades of frequency. The qubit exhibits superior performance with single-qubit gate fidelities exceeding 99.9% on average, offering a promising route to large-scale spin-qubit systems with fault-tolerant controllability.



Nature Nanotechnology :