Press Releases

2021.03.19

Gate-controlled BCS-BEC crossover in a two-dimensional superconductor : Yuji Nakagawa(Doctoral Course : at the time) , Assistant Professor Takuya Nomoto, Professor Ryotaro Arita, Professor Yoshihiro Iwasa, Department of Applied Physics, and other researchers.

Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superfluidity and Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) are the two extreme limits of the ground state of the paired fermion systems. We report crossover behavior from the BCS limit to the BEC limit realized by varying carrier density in a two-dimensional (2D) superconductor, electron-doped layered material ZrNCl. The phase diagram, established by simultaneous measurements of resistivity and tunneling spectra under ionic gating, demonstrates a pseudogap phase in the low doping regime. The ratio of the superconducting transition temperature and Fermi temperature in the low carrier density limit is consistent with the theoretical upper bound expected in the BCS-BEC crossover regime. These results indicate that the gate-doped semiconductor provides an ideal platform for the 2D BCS-BEC crossover without added complexities present in other solid-state systems.



Science : https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2021/03/17/science.abb9860