Motion tracking of 80-nm-size skyrmions upon directional current injections


Xiuzhen Yu, Daisuke Morikawa, Kiyomi Nakajima, Kiyou Shibata, Naoya Kanazawa, Takahisa Arima, Naoto Nagaosa and Yoshinori Tokura

Nanometer-scale skyrmions are prospective candidates for information bits in low–power consumption devices owing to their topological nature and controllability with low current density. Studies on skyrmion dynamics in different classes of materials have exploited the topological Hall effect and current-driven fast motion of skyrmionic bubbles. However, the small current track motion of a single skyrmion and few-skyrmion aggregates remains elusive. Here, we report the tracking of creation and extinction and motion of 80-nm-size skyrmions upon directional one–current pulse excitations at low current density of the order of 109 A m−2in designed devices with the notched hole. The Hall motion of a single skyrmion and the torque motions of few-skyrmion aggregates have been directly revealed. The results exemplify low–current density controls of skyrmions, which will pave the way for the application of skyrmions.

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