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Exciton Hall effect in monolayer MoS2 : Masaru Onga (PhD student), Assistant Professor Toshiya Ideue, Professor Yoshihiro Iwasa, Quantum-Phase Electronics Center (QPEC) and Department of Applied Physics, and other researchers.

The spontaneous Hall effect driven by the quantum Berry phase (which serves as an internal magnetic flux in momentum space) manifests the topological nature of quasiparticles and can be used to control the information flow, such as spin and valley. We report a Hall effect of excitons (fundamental composite particles of electrons and holes that dominate optical responses in semiconductors). By polarization-resolved photoluminescence mapping, we directly observed the Hall effect of excitons in monolayer MoS2 and valley-selective spatial transport of excitons on a micrometre scale. The Hall angle of excitons is found to be much larger than that of single electrons in monolayer MoS2, implying that the quantum transport of the composite particles is significantly affected by their internal structures. The present result not only poses a fundamental problem of the Hall effect in composite particles, but also offers a route to explore exciton-based valleytronics in two-dimensional materials.


Nature Materials :